January 1: Day of the Week
January 1, 2017 was the 1st day of the year 2017 in the Gregorian calendar. There were 364 days remaining until the end of the year. The day of the week was Sunday.
If you are trying to learn French then this day of the week in French is dimanche.
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Here’s the January calendar. You can also browse the full year monthly calendar.
Zodiac & Birthstone
Capricorn is the zodiac sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.
January 1: This Day in History
The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.
During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.
In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.
Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.
January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:
- 1522 The Republic of Venice
- 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
- 1556 Spain, Portugal
- 1559 Prussia, Sweden
- 1564 France
- 1576 Southern Netherlands
- 1579 Lorraine
- 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
- 1600 Scotland
- 1700 Russia
- 1721 Tuscany
- 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies
January 1 Historical Event(s)
- 69The Roman legions in Germania Superior refuse to swear loyalty to Galba. They rebel and proclaim Vitellius as emperor.
- 1600Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25.
- 1822The Greek Constitution of 1822 is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
- 1890Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
- 1913The British Board of Censors is established.
- 1954NBC makes the first coast-to-coast NTSC color broadcast when it telecast the Tournament of Roses Parade, with public demonstrations given across the United States on prototype color receivers.
- 1958The European Economic Community is established.
- 1992Russia is officially formed.
- 1997Zaire officially joins the World Trade Organization.
- 2012Kim Jong-un is officially declared the new Supreme Leader of North Korea.
Who were born on January 1?
- 1876Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
- 1928Ernest Tidyman, American writer (d. 1984)
- 1933Joe Orton, English writer (d. 1967)
- 1936James Sinegal, American businessman
- 1942Gennadi Sarafanov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2005)
- 1962Ari Up, German musician (The Slits) (d. 2010)
- 1971Sammie Henson, American wrestler
- 1983Calum Davenport, English footballer
- 1987Chris Collins, American actor and comedian
- 1992Jack Wilshere, English footballer
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