January 1: Day of the Week
January 1, 2017 was the 1st day of the year 2017 in the Gregorian calendar. There were 364 days remaining until the end of the year. The day of the week was Sunday.
If you are trying to learn French then this day of the week in French is dimanche.
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Here’s the January calendar. You can also browse the full year monthly calendar.
Zodiac & Birthstone
Capricorn is the zodiac sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.
January 1: This Day in History
The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.
During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.
In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.
Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.
January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:
- 1522 The Republic of Venice
- 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
- 1556 Spain, Portugal
- 1559 Prussia, Sweden
- 1564 France
- 1576 Southern Netherlands
- 1579 Lorraine
- 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
- 1600 Scotland
- 1700 Russia
- 1721 Tuscany
- 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies
January 1 Historical Event(s)
- 1438Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary.
- 1515King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne.
- 1885Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming’s proposal for standard time (and also, time zones)
- 1902The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.
- 1959Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro’s forces during the Cuban Revolution.
- 1978Air India Flight 855 Boeing 747 crashes into the sea, due to instrument failure and pilot disorientation, off the coast of Bombay, India, killing 213.
- 1986Aruba becomes independent of Curaçao, though it remains in free association with the Netherlands.
- 1993Dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakia is divided into Slovakia and the Czech Republic.
- 1996Curaçao gains limited self-government, though it remains within free association with the Netherlands.
- 2002Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.
Who were born on January 1?
- 1803Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja, Italian mathematician (d. 1869)
- 1814Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (d. 1864)
- 1852Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)
- 1878Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)
- 1906Giovanni D'Anzi, Italian songwriter (d. 1974)
- 1918Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)
- 1942Gennadi Sarafanov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2005)
- 1945Peter Duncan, Australian politician
- 1972Catherine McCormack, British actress
- 1984Stefano Pastrello, Italian footballer
Now try another date like anniversaries, birthdays of someone you know or any other date that is special to you. Don’t forget to share the info to your friends, loved ones or social media followers. Who knows, they might appreciate and thank you for it.