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1937 Historical Event(s)
- February 11, 1937 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Fire Ox in Chinese astrology.
- February 19, 1937 – Yekatit 12: During a public ceremony at the Viceregal Palace (the former Imperial residence) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, two Eritrean nationalists attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani with a number of grenades. Italian authorities exact vicious reprisals on the population.
- March 18, 1937 – The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 km outside Milan.
- April 1, 1937 – Aden becomes a British crown colony. Bombing of Jaén, Spain by Nazi forces.
- April 26, 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Guernica (or Gernika in Basque), Spain is bombed by German Luftwaffe.
- June 15, 1937 – A German expedition led by Karl Wien loses sixteen members in an avalanche on Nanga Parbat. It is the worst single disaster to occur on an 8000m peak.
- July 26, 1937 – End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
- August 24, 1937 – In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
- September 5, 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls.
- November 1, 1937 – Stalinists execute Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan’s Lutheran community.
Who Were Born On 1937?
- March 23, 1937 – Craig Breedlove, American land speed record holder
- April 28, 1937 – Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq 1979-2003; Prime Minister of Iraq 1979-1991; 1994-2003 (d. 2006)
- May 4, 1937 – Mr. Fuji, Former professional wrestler
- July 20, 1937 – Ken Ogata, Japanese actor (d. 2008)
- August 7, 1937 – Zoltán Berczik, Hungarian table tennis player (d. 2011)
- August 20, 1937 – Stelvio Cipriani, Italian composer
- September 16, 1937 – Vince Naimoli, American former MLB team owner
- October 20, 1937 – Juan Marichal, Dominican baseball player
- November 9, 1937 – Clyde Wells, Canadian politician