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1937 Historical Event(s)
- February 11, 1937 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Fire Ox in Chinese astrology.
- March 2, 1937 – The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signs a collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry.
- March 18, 1937 – The New London School explosion kills three hundred, mostly children.
- April 9, 1937 – The Kamikaze arrives at Croydon Airport in London – it is the first Japanese-built aircraft to fly to Europe.
- June 15, 1937 – A German expedition led by Karl Wien loses sixteen members in an avalanche on Nanga Parbat. It is the worst single disaster to occur on an 8000m peak.
- August 2, 1937 – The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, the effect of which is to render marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
- September 21, 1937 – J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit is published.
- September 22, 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
- December 9, 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing – Japanese troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Asaka Yasuhiko launch an assault on the Chinese city of Nanjing.
- December 12, 1937 – USS Panay incident: Japanese aircraft bomb and sink US gunboat USS Panay on the Yangtze River in China.
Who Were Born On 1937?
- January 1, 1937 – John Fuller, English poet
- April 5, 1937 – Allan R. Thieme, American inventor
- May 30, 1937 – Harry Statham, American basketball coach
- June 28, 1937 – Tom Magliozzi, American radio personality, cohost of Car Talk
- August 2, 1937 – Garth Hudson, Canadian organist and keyboardist (The Band)
- September 2, 1937 – Len Carlson, Canadian voice actor (d. 2006)
- September 4, 1937 – Mikk Mikiver, Estonian actor and director (d. 2006)
- September 26, 1937 – Valentin Pavlov, Soviet politician (d. 2003)
- November 5, 1937 – Chan Sek Keong, Singaporian jurist
- December 31, 1937 – Avram Hershko, Israeli biologist, Nobel laureate