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1937 Historical Event(s)
- January 23, 1937 – In Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin’s regime and assassinate its leaders.
- February 11, 1937 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Fire Ox in Chinese astrology.
- March 2, 1937 – The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signs a collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry.
- March 18, 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces defeat the Italians at the Battle of Guadalajara.
- May 21, 1937 – A Soviet station becomes the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean.
- June 3, 1937 – The Duke of Windsor marries Wallis Simpson.
- June 11, 1937 – Great Purge: The Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin executes eight army leaders.
- August 1, 1937 – Josip Broz Tito reads the resolution “Manifesto of constitutional congress of KPH” to the constitutive congress of KPH (Croatian Communist Party) in woods near Samobor.
- August 24, 1937 – In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
- December 29, 1937 – The Irish Free State is replaced by a new state called Ireland with the adoption of a new constitution.
Who Were Born On 1937?
- February 26, 1937 – Hagood Hardy, Canadian musician and composer (d. 1997)
- April 6, 1937 – Merle Haggard, American musician
- May 8, 1937 – Thomas Pynchon, American novelist
- May 19, 1937 – Pat Roach, English actor and wrestler (d. 2004)
- June 23, 1937 – Martti Ahtisaari, Finnish statesman, Nobel laureate
- July 4, 1937 – Sonja Haraldsen, Queen of Norway (spouse of King Harald V of Norway)
- July 20, 1937 – Ken Ogata, Japanese actor (d. 2008)
- September 7, 1937 – John Phillip Law, American actor (d. 2008)
- November 5, 1937 – Harris Yulin, American actor
- November 20, 1937 – Viktoriya Tokareva, Russian playwright