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1937 Historical Event(s)
- February 11, 1937 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Fire Ox in Chinese astrology.
- February 16, 1937 – Wallace H. Carothers receives a United States patent for nylon.
- February 21, 1937 – The League of Nations bans foreign national “volunteers” in the Spanish Civil War.
- April 26, 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Guernica (or Gernika in Basque), Spain is bombed by German Luftwaffe.
- August 2, 1937 – The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, the effect of which is to render marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
- August 14, 1937 – Chinese Air Force Day: The beginning of air-to-air combat of the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II in general, when 6 Imperial Japanese Mitsubishi G3M bombers are shot down by the Nationalist Chinese Air Force while raiding Chinese air bases.
- August 24, 1937 – In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
- September 5, 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls.
- December 13, 1937 – Nanjing Massacre. Japanese troops begin carrying out several weeks of raping and killing of civilians and suspected Chinese resistance after the fall of Nanjing.
- December 29, 1937 – The Irish Free State is replaced by a new state called Ireland with the adoption of a new constitution.
Who Were Born On 1937?
- January 4, 1937 – Dyan Cannon, American actress
- January 6, 1937 – Lou Holtz, American football coach
- January 8, 1937 – Dame Shirley Bassey, Welsh singer
- March 27, 1937 – Thomas Aquinas Daly, American painter
- June 18, 1937 – Del Harris, American basketball head coach
- July 2, 1937 – Polly Holliday, American actress
- July 6, 1937 – Ned Beatty, American actor
- July 12, 1937 – Lionel Jospin, French politician, 165th Prime Minister of France
- September 16, 1937 – Alexander Medved, Russian wrestler
- September 21, 1937 – John D'Amico, Canadian ice hockey official (d. 2005)