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1937 Historical Event(s)
- February 5, 1937 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposes a plan to enlarge the Supreme Court of the United States.
- February 11, 1937 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Fire Ox in Chinese astrology.
- March 18, 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces defeat the Italians at the Battle of Guadalajara.
- April 30, 1937 – The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
- May 6, 1937 – Hindenburg disaster: The German zeppelin Hindenburg catches fire and is destroyed within a minute while attempting to dock at Lakehurst, New Jersey. Thirty-six people are killed.
- May 28, 1937 – The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California, is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, D.C., who pushes a button signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the span.
- June 15, 1937 – A German expedition led by Karl Wien loses sixteen members in an avalanche on Nanga Parbat. It is the worst single disaster to occur on an 8000m peak.
- July 2, 1937 – Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan are last heard from over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial round-the-world flight.
- July 7, 1937 – Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge – Japanese forces invade Beijing, China.
- September 24, 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Chinese Eighth Route Army gains a minor, but morale-boosting victory in the Battle of Pingxingguan.
Who Were Born On 1937?
- February 20, 1937 – Robert Huber, German chemist, Nobel laureate
- May 18, 1937 – Brooks Robinson, American baseball player
- August 2, 1937 – Garth Hudson, Canadian organist and keyboardist (The Band)
- August 24, 1937 – Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, Nigerian politician (d. 1998)
- September 19, 1937 – Abner Haynes, American football player
- October 12, 1937 – Robert Mangold, American artist
- December 17, 1937 – Calvin Waller, American Army general (d. 1996)
- December 29, 1937 – Barbara Steele, British actress