January 1: Day of the Week
January 1, 2022 was the 1st day of the year 2022 in the Gregorian calendar. There were 364 days remaining until the end of the year. The day of the week was Saturday.
If you are trying to learn Japanese then this day of the week in Japanese is Doyōbi.
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Here’s the January calendar. You can also browse the full year monthly calendar.
Zodiac & Birthstone
Capricorn is the zodiac sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.
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January 1: This Day in History
The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.
During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.
In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.
Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.
January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:
- 1522 The Republic of Venice
- 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
- 1556 Spain, Portugal
- 1559 Prussia, Sweden
- 1564 France
- 1576 Southern Netherlands
- 1579 Lorraine
- 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
- 1600 Scotland
- 1700 Russia
- 1721 Tuscany
- 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies
January 1 Historical Event(s)
- 417Emperor Honorius forces Galla Placidia into marriage to Constantius, his famous general (magister militum).
- 1822The Greek Constitution of 1822 is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
- 1833The United Kingdom claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
- 1916German troops abandon Yaoundé and their Kamerun colony to British forces and begin the long march to Spanish Guinea.
- 1971Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television.
- 1980Victoria is crowned princess of Sweden.
- 1985The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone.
- 1986Aruba becomes independent of Curaçao, though it remains in free association with the Netherlands.
- 1996Curaçao gains limited self-government, though it remains within free association with the Netherlands.
- 1997Ghanaian diplomat Kofi Annan is appointed Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Who were born on January 1?
- 1779William Clowes, English printer (d. 1847)
- 1834Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
- 1864Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (d. 1957)
- 1894Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian mathematician (d. 1974)
- 1902Buster Nupen, South African cricketer (d. 1977)
- 1922Ernest Hollings, American politician, 106th Governor of South Carolina and United States Senator from South Carolina
- 1927Doak Walker, American football star (d. 1998)
- 1937John Fuller, English poet
- 1942Al Hunt, American reporter and news anchor
- 1943Larry Clark, American director
Now try another date like anniversaries, birthdays of someone you know or any other date that is special to you. Don’t forget to share the info to your friends, loved ones or social media followers. Who knows, they might appreciate and thank you for it.