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Wednesday January 1, 2020

January 1: Day of the Week

January 1, 2020 was the 1st day of the year 2020 in the Gregorian calendar. There were 365 days remaining until the end of the year. The day of the week was Wednesday.

If you are trying to learn Japanese then this day of the week in Japanese is Suiyōbi.

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Here’s the January calendar. You can also browse the full year monthly calendar.

January 2020
SunMonTueWedThuFriSat
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567891011
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Zodiac & Birthstone

Capricorn is the zodiac sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

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January 1: This Day in History

The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.

During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.

In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.

Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.

January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:

  • 1522 The Republic of Venice
  • 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
  • 1556 Spain, Portugal
  • 1559 Prussia, Sweden
  • 1564 France
  • 1576 Southern Netherlands
  • 1579 Lorraine
  • 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
  • 1600 Scotland
  • 1700 Russia
  • 1721 Tuscany
  • 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies

January 1 Historical Event(s)

  • 1788
    First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published.
  • 1801
    The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1902
    The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.
  • 1932
    The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington’s birth.
  • 1947
    The American and British occupation zones in Germany, after World War II, merge to form the Bizone, that later became West Germany.
  • 1948
    The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
  • 1962
    United States Navy SEALs established.
  • 1981
    Greece is admitted into the European Community.
  • 1984
    Brunei becomes independent of the United Kingdom.
  • 1995
    The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of freak waves.

Who were born on January 1?

  • 1894
    Shitsu Nakano, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2007)
  • 1902
    Buster Nupen, South African cricketer (d. 1977)
  • 1927
    Yvonne Sanson, Greek film actress (d. 2003)
  • 1942
    Gennadi Sarafanov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2005)
  • 1943
    Ronald Perelman, American businessman
  • 1951
    Hans-Joachim Stuck, German race car driver
  • 1956
    Mike Mitchell, American basketball player
  • 1981
    Zsolt Baumgartner, Hungarian racing driver
  • 1983
    Park Sung-Hyun, South Korean Olympic archer
  • 1987
    Devin Setoguchi, Canadian ice hockey player

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