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Tuesday January 1, 2019

January 1: Day of the Week

January 1, 2019 was the 1st day of the year 2019 in the Gregorian calendar. There were 364 days remaining until the end of the year. The day of the week was Tuesday.

If you are trying to learn Japanese then this day of the week in Japanese is Kayōbi.

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Here’s the January calendar. You can also browse the full year monthly calendar.

January 2019
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Zodiac & Birthstone

Capricorn is the zodiac sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

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January 1: This Day in History

The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.

During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.

In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.

Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.

January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:

  • 1522 The Republic of Venice
  • 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
  • 1556 Spain, Portugal
  • 1559 Prussia, Sweden
  • 1564 France
  • 1576 Southern Netherlands
  • 1579 Lorraine
  • 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
  • 1600 Scotland
  • 1700 Russia
  • 1721 Tuscany
  • 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies

January 1 Historical Event(s)

  • 1773
    The hymn that became known as “Amazing Grace”, then titled “1 Chronicles 17:16–17” is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, England.
  • 1776
    American Revolutionary War: Norfolk, Virginia is burned by combined Royal Navy and Continental Army action.
  • 1808
    The importation of slaves into the United States is banned.
  • 1812
    The Bishop of Durham, Shute Barrington, orders troops from Durham Castle to break up a miners strike in Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham
  • 1877
    Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India.
  • 1899
    Spanish rule ends in Cuba.
  • 1901
    The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister.
  • 1909
    Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher.
  • 1983
    The ARPANET officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet.
  • 2010
    A suicide car bomber detonates at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, killing 105 and injuring 100 more.

Who were born on January 1?

  • 1864
    Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (d. 1957)
  • 1908
    Bill Tapia, American musician (d. 2011)
  • 1911
    Basil Dearden, British film director (d. 1971)
  • 1927
    Doak Walker, American football star (d. 1998)
  • 1927
    Pat Heywood, Scottish actress
  • 1932
    Jackie Parker, American football player (d. 2006)
  • 1933
    Frederick Lowy, Canadian educator
  • 1938
    Clay Cole, American television host and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1953
    Alpha Blondy, Ivorian reggae singer
  • 1963
    Dražen Ladić, Croatian footballer

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