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Tuesday January 1, 2019

January 1: Day of the Week

January 1, 2019 was the 1st day of the year 2019 in the Gregorian calendar. There were 364 days remaining until the end of the year. The day of the week was Tuesday.

If you are trying to learn French then this day of the week in French is mardi.

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Here’s the January calendar. You can also browse the full year monthly calendar.

January 2019
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Zodiac & Birthstone

Capricorn is the zodiac sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

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January 1: This Day in History

The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.

During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.

In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.

Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.

January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:

  • 1522 The Republic of Venice
  • 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
  • 1556 Spain, Portugal
  • 1559 Prussia, Sweden
  • 1564 France
  • 1576 Southern Netherlands
  • 1579 Lorraine
  • 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
  • 1600 Scotland
  • 1700 Russia
  • 1721 Tuscany
  • 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies

January 1 Historical Event(s)

  • 414
    Galla Placidia, half-sister of Emperor Honorius, is married to the Visigothic king Ataulf at Narbonne. The wedding is celebrated with Roman festivities and magnificent gifts from the Gothic booty.
  • 1001
    Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II.
  • 1803
    Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • 1861
    Porfirio Díaz conquers Mexico City.
  • 1898
    New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs.
  • 1901
    The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister.
  • 1902
    The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.
  • 1913
    The British Board of Censors is established.
  • 1920
    The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1948
    The Constitution of Italy comes into force.

Who were born on January 1?

  • 1511
    Henry, Duke of Cornwall (d. 1511)
  • 1918
    Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)
  • 1924
    Charlie Munger, American philanthropist
  • 1927
    Pat Heywood, Scottish actress
  • 1927
    Yvonne Sanson, Greek film actress (d. 2003)
  • 1942
    Alassane Ouattara, former Prime Minister of Ivory Coast
  • 1957
    Mark Hurd, American businessman
  • 1969
    Morris Chestnut, American actor
  • 1973
    Li Fang, Chinese tennis player
  • 1984
    Alok Kapali, Bangladeshi cricketer

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