January 1: Day of the Week
January 1, 2023 was the 1st day of the year 2023 in the Gregorian calendar. There were 364 days remaining until the end of the year. The day of the week was Sunday.
If you are trying to learn Spanish then this day of the week in Spanish is domingo.
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Here’s the January calendar. You can also browse the full year monthly calendar.
Zodiac & Birthstone
Capricorn is the zodiac sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.
January 1: This Day in History
The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.
During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.
In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.
Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.
January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:
- 1522 The Republic of Venice
- 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
- 1556 Spain, Portugal
- 1559 Prussia, Sweden
- 1564 France
- 1576 Southern Netherlands
- 1579 Lorraine
- 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
- 1600 Scotland
- 1700 Russia
- 1721 Tuscany
- 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies
January 1 Historical Event(s)
- 1801The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
- 1906British India officially adopts the Indian Standard Time.
- 1929The former municipalities of Point Grey, British Columbia and South Vancouver, British Columbia are amalgamated into Vancouver.
- 1948The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
- 1962United States Navy SEALs established.
- 1966A twelve-day New York City transit strike begins.
- 1984The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T.
- 1992Russia is officially formed.
- 1995The Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe becomes the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
- 200966 die in a nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand.
Who were born on January 1?
- 1614John Wilkins, English Bishop of Chester (d. 1672)
- 1803Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja, Italian mathematician (d. 1869)
- 1911Roman Totenberg, Polish-born American violinist
- 1912Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988)
- 1921Wadih El Safi, Lebanese singer and songwriter
- 1930Jean-Pierre Duprey, French poet and sculptor (d. 1959)
- 1948Ismael Zambada García, Mexican drug lord
- 1963Jean-Marc Gounon, French race car driver
- 1971Chris Potter, American jazz saxophonist
- 1973Magnus Sahlgren, Swedish musician (Lake of Tears)
Now try another date like anniversaries, birthdays of someone you know or any other date that is special to you. Don’t forget to share the info to your friends, loved ones or social media followers. Who knows, they might appreciate and thank you for it.