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1916 Historical Event(s)
- January 1, 1916 – German troops abandon Yaoundé and their Kamerun colony to British forces and begin the long march to Spanish Guinea.
- January 24, 1916 – In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax constitutional.
- February 4, 1916 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Fire Dragon in Chinese astrology.
- July 19, 1916 – World War I: Battle of Fromelles – British and Australian troops attack German trenches in a prelude to the Battle of the Somme.
- August 5, 1916 – World War I: Battle of Romani – Allied forces, under the command of Archibald Murray, defeat an attacking Ottoman army under the command of Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, securing the Suez Canal and beginning the Ottoman retreat from the Sinai Peninsula.
- September 17, 1916 – World War I: Manfred von Richthofen (“The Red Baron”), a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.
- October 16, 1916 – In Brooklyn, New York, Margaret Sanger opens the first family planning clinic in the United States.
- November 5, 1916 – The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between the Industrial Workers of the World organizers and local police.
- November 13, 1916 – Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription.
- December 18, 1916 – World War I: The Battle of Verdun ends when German forces under Chief of Staff Erich Von Falkenhayn are defeated by the French, and suffer 337,000 casualties.
Who Were Born On 1916?
- February 13, 1916 – John Reed, British actor and singer (d. 2010)
- April 4, 1916 – Nikola Ljubicic, Yugoslav general, Serbian communist politician (d. 2005)
- May 6, 1916 – Sif Ruud, Swedish actress
- May 20, 1916 – Trebisonda Valla, Italian athlete (d. 2006)
- August 18, 1916 – Neagu Djuvara, Romanian diplomat
- August 27, 1916 – Martha Raye, American actress (d. 1994)
- October 26, 1916 – Boyd Wagner, First USAAF fighter ace of World War II (d. 1942)
- November 10, 1916 – Billy May, American composer, arranger and bandleader (d. 2004)
- November 28, 1916 – Mary Lilian Baels, Princess of Rethy, Belgium (d. 2002)
- November 29, 1916 – Fran Ryan, American actress (d. 2000)