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1942 Historical Event(s)
- February 1, 1942 – Voice of America, the official external radio and television service of the United States federal government, begins broadcasting with programs aimed at areas controlled by the Axis powers.
- February 6, 1942 – World War II: The United Kingdom declares war on Thailand.
- February 15, 1942 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Water Horse in Chinese astrology.
- April 9, 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Bataan/Bataan Death March – United States forces surrender on the Bataan Peninsula. The Japanese Navy launches an air raid on Trincomalee in Ceylon (Sri Lanka); Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Hermes and Royal Australian Navy Destroyer HMAS Vampire are sunk off the island’s east coast.
- May 9, 1942 – Holocaust: The SS murders 588 Jewish residents of the Podolian town of Zinkiv (Khmelnytska oblast, Ukraine). The Zoludek Ghetto (in Belarus) is destroyed and all its inhabitants murdered or deported.
- May 22, 1942 – The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed.
- June 4, 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Midway begins. Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo orders a strike on Midway Island by much of the Imperial Japanese navy.
- August 11, 1942 – Actress Hedy Lamarr and composer George Antheil receive a patent for a frequency hopping, spread spectrum communication system that later became the basis for modern technologies in wireless telephones and Wi-Fi.
- August 16, 1942 – World War II: The two-person crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappears without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean. The blimp drifts without her crew and crash-lands in Daly City, California.
- November 26, 1942 – World War II: Yugoslav Partisans convene the first meeting of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia at Bihać in northwestern Bosnia.
Who Were Born On 1942?
- January 1, 1942 – Country Joe McDonald, American musician (Country Joe and the Fish)
- March 4, 1942 – James Gustave Speth, American environmental lawyer and advocate
- March 28, 1942 – Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (d. 1998)
- April 18, 1942 – Steve Blass, American professional baseball player
- May 12, 1942 – Billy Swan, American songwriter and singer
- June 3, 1942 – Curtis Mayfield, American musician (d. 1999)
- August 29, 1942 – John Heuser, Electron microscopist
- September 9, 1942 – Danny Kalb, American musician, (Blues Project)
- December 6, 1942 – Peter Handke, Austrian writer