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1943 Historical Event(s)
- February 5, 1943 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Water Sheep in Chinese astrology.
- February 7, 1943 – Imperial Japanese naval forces complete the evacuation of Imperial Japanese Army troops from Guadalcanal during Operation Ke, ending Japanese attempts to retake the island from Allied forces in the Guadalcanal Campaign.
- February 16, 1943 – World War II: Red Army troops re-enter Kharkov.
- February 23, 1943 – A fire breaks out at St. Joseph’s Orphanage, County Cavan, Ireland, killing 36 people (35 of whom are children).
- March 3, 1943 – World War II: In London, England, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station.
- July 12, 1943 – World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka – German and Soviet forces engage in the largest tank engagement of all time.
- July 28, 1943 – World War II: Operation Gomorrah – The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.
- August 27, 1943 – Japanese forces evacuate New Georgia Island in the Pacific Theater of Operations during World War II.
- September 5, 1943 – World War II: The 503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment lands and occupies Nazdab, near Lae in the Salamaua-Lae campaign.
- October 14, 1943 – The American Eighth Air Force loses 60 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers in aerial combat during the second mass-daylight air raid on the Schweinfurt ball-bearing factories in western Nazi Germany.
Who Were Born On 1943?
- January 16, 1943 – Gavin Bryars, English composer and double bassist
- January 19, 1943 – Janis Joplin, American singer (d. 1970)
- February 2, 1943 – Susan Hanson, English actress
- February 13, 1943 – Elaine Pagels, American theologian
- June 3, 1943 – Ilaiyaraaja, Indian film composer
- June 9, 1943 – Charles Saatchi, British-Iraqi businessman
- June 14, 1943 – Harold Wheeler, American composer
- June 15, 1943 – Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, Danish politician
- November 22, 1943 – Yvan Cournoyer, Canadian ice hockey player
- December 19, 1943 – Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)