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1944 Historical Event(s)
- January 25, 1944 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Wood Monkey in Chinese astrology.
- June 4, 1944 – World War II: A hunter-killer group of the United States Navy captures the German submarine U-505 – the first time a U.S. Navy vessel had captured an enemy vessel at sea since the 19th century.
- June 17, 1944 – Iceland declares independence from Denmark and becomes a republic.
- July 6, 1944 – Jackie Robinson refuses to move to the back of a bus, leading to a court martial.
- July 18, 1944 – World War II: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort.
- August 5, 1944 – World War II: The Nazis begin a three-day massacre of anywhere between 40,000 and 100,000 civilians and prisoners of war in Wola, Poland.
- August 28, 1944 – World War II: Marseille and Toulon are liberated.
- October 25, 1944 – Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval battle in history, takes place in and around the Philippines between the Imperial Japanese Navy and the U.S. Third and U.S. Seventh Fleets.
- November 3, 1944 – World War II: Two supreme commanders of the Slovak National Uprising, Generals Ján Golian and Rudolf Viest are captured, tortured and later executed by German forces.
- November 12, 1944 – World War II: The Royal Air Force launches 29 Avro Lancaster bombers in one of the most successful precision bombing attacks of war and sinks the German battleship Tirpitz, with 12,000 lb Tallboy bombs off Tromsø, Norway.
Who Were Born On 1944?
- January 29, 1944 – Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda
- February 29, 1944 – Dennis Farina, American actor
- April 4, 1944 – Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician
- April 13, 1944 – Charles Burnett, American film director
- July 31, 1944 – Geraldine Chaplin, American actress
- August 8, 1944 – John Holmes, American pornographic actor (d. 1988)
- September 14, 1944 – Günter Netzer, German footballer
- December 19, 1944 – Zal Yanovsky, Canadian guitarist (The Lovin' Spoonful) (d. 2002)