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1945 Historical Event(s)
- January 3, 1945 – World War II: Admiral Chester W. Nimitz is placed in command of all U.S. Naval forces in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima and Okinawa in Japan.
- February 13, 1945 – World War II: The siege of Budapest concludes with the unconditional surrender of German and Hungarian forces to the Red Army.
- February 14, 1945 – World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
- March 19, 1945 – World War II: Adolf Hitler issues his “Nero Decree” ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany to be destroyed.
- April 2, 1945 – Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established.
- April 26, 1945 – World War II: Battle of Bautzen – last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.
- April 29, 1945 – The Dachau concentration camp is liberated by United States troops.
- October 18, 1945 – A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces, led by Mario Vargas, Marcos Pérez Jiménez and Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, stages a coup d'état against then president Isaías Medina Angarita, who is overthrown by the end of the day.
- December 27, 1945 – The World Bank and International Monetary Fund are created with the signing of an agreement by 29 nations.
Who Were Born On 1945?
- February 12, 1945 – Maud Adams, Swedish actress
- February 15, 1945 – John Helliwell, British musician (Supertramp)
- February 28, 1945 – Mimsy Farmer, American actress
- April 27, 1945 – Helen Hodgman, Australian novelist
- July 26, 1945 – Helen Mirren, English actress
- September 15, 1945 – Ron Shelton, American film director
- October 22, 1945 – Leslie West, American musician
- October 28, 1945 – Elton Dean, English musician (Soft Machine) (d. 2006)
- November 18, 1945 – Wilma Mankiller, American tribal chief (d. 2010)
- December 25, 1945 – Rick Berman, Star Trek producer