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1942 Historical Event(s)
- January 16, 1942 – Crash of TWA Flight 3, killing all 22 aboard, including film star Carole Lombard.
- February 15, 1942 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Water Horse in Chinese astrology.
- April 23, 1942 – World War II: Baedeker Blitz – German bombers hit Exeter, Bath and York in retaliation for the British raid on Lübeck.
- May 12, 1942 – Holocaust: 1,500 Jews are sent to gas chambers in Auschwitz.
- June 4, 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Midway begins. Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo orders a strike on Midway Island by much of the Imperial Japanese navy.
- June 22, 1942 – Erwin Rommel is promoted to Field Marshal after the capture of Tobruk.
- July 28, 1942 – World War II: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin issues Order No. 227 in response to alarming German advances into the Soviet Union. Under the order all those who retreat or otherwise leave their positions without orders to do so are to be immediately executed.
- September 27, 1942 – Last day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps troops barely escape after being surrounded by Japanese forces near the Matanikau River.
- October 23, 1942 – World War II: The Battle for Henderson Field begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on October 26.
- December 20, 1942 – World War II: Bombing of Calcutta by the Japanese.
Who Were Born On 1942?
- May 11, 1942 – Rachel Billington, British author
- May 14, 1942 – Prentis Hancock, British actor
- July 1, 1942 – Andraé Crouch, American singer
- July 28, 1942 – Tonia Marketaki, Greek film director and screenwriter (d. 1994)
- August 20, 1942 – Isaac Hayes, American singer, songwriter, and actor (d. 2008)
- September 12, 1942 – Tomás Marco, Spanish/Basque composer
- October 13, 1942 – Bob Bailey, American baseball player
- October 23, 1942 – Anita Roddick, founder of The Body Shop (d. 2007)
- November 1, 1942 – Marcia Wallace, American actress
- December 13, 1942 – Anna Eshoo, American politician