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1942 Historical Event(s)
- February 15, 1942 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Water Horse in Chinese astrology.
- February 28, 1942 – The heavy cruiser USS Houston is sunk in the Battle of Sunda Strait with 693 crew members killed, along with HMAS Perth which lost 375 men.
- May 12, 1942 – Holocaust: 1,500 Jews are sent to gas chambers in Auschwitz.
- August 6, 1942 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands becomes the first reigning queen to address a joint session of the United States Congress.
- August 9, 1942 – Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces, launching the Quit India Movement.
- September 21, 1942 – In Poland, at the end of Yom Kippur, Germans order Jews to permanently evacuate Konstantynów and move to the Ghetto in Biała Podlaska, established to assemble Jews from seven nearby towns, including Janów Podlaski, Rossosz and Terespol.
- November 15, 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in a decisive Allied victory.
- November 19, 1942 – World War II: Battle of Stalingrad – Soviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launch the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR’s favor.
- November 22, 1942 – World War II: Battle of Stalingrad – General Friedrich Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th army is surrounded.
- December 20, 1942 – World War II: Bombing of Calcutta by the Japanese.
Who Were Born On 1942?
- January 1, 1942 – Alassane Ouattara, former Prime Minister of Ivory Coast
- January 5, 1942 – Charlie Rose, American talk show host
- January 10, 1942 – Graeme Gahan, Australian rules footballer
- February 20, 1942 – Mitch McConnell, American politician, senior senator of Kentucky
- February 24, 1942 – Paul Jones, English singer (Manfred Mann)
- March 7, 1942 – Charles R. Boutin, American politician
- July 4, 1942 – Stefan Meller, Polish foreign minister (d. 2008)
- July 10, 1942 – Pyotr Klimuk, Soviet cosmonaut
- July 16, 1942 – Margaret Court, Australian tennis player
- September 10, 1942 – Danny Hutton, American singer