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1942 Historical Event(s)
- January 2, 1942 – World War II: Manila, Philippines is captured by Japanese forces
- January 7, 1942 – World War II: The siege of the Bataan Peninsula begins.
- January 11, 1942 – World War II: Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the Netherlands East Indies.
- January 30, 1942 – World War II: Japanese forces invade the island of Ambon in the Dutch East Indies.
- February 1, 1942 – World War II: U.S. Navy conducts Marshalls-Gilberts raids, the first offensive action by the United States against Japanese forces in the Pacific Theater.
- February 15, 1942 – New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Water Horse in Chinese astrology.
- March 17, 1942 – Holocaust: The first Jews from the Lvov Ghetto are gassed at the Belzec death camp in what is today eastern Poland.
- June 10, 1942 – World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice in reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
- August 13, 1942 – Major General Eugene Reybold of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers authorizes the construction of facilities that would house the “Development of Substitute Materials” project, better known as the Manhattan Project.
- September 12, 1942 – World War II: RMS Laconia, carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks with a heavy loss of life.
Who Were Born On 1942?
- January 20, 1942 – Linda Moulton Howe, American investigative journalist and documentary producer-writer-director-editor
- January 25, 1942 – Carl Eller, American football player
- February 28, 1942 – Brian Jones, English musician (The Rolling Stones) (d. 1969)
- March 14, 1942 – Rita Tushingham, British actress
- May 3, 1942 – C.L. Otter, American politician, governor of Idaho
- July 21, 1942 – Kim Fowley, American songwriter, musician, manager, and record producer
- August 7, 1942 – Caetano Veloso, Brazilian musician
- August 20, 1942 – Fred Norman, American baseball player
- September 12, 1942 – François Tavenas, Canadian academic (d. 2004)
- October 26, 1942 – Zdenko Runjić, Croatian composor (d. 2004)